满堂彩


战机涂装: 不可小视的“表面功夫”

来源:满堂彩_满堂彩app下载-HOME 解放军报作者: 王鹏责任编辑: 伍行健
2019-04-24 02:27

jinnian1yue,aijijunfangzuzhide“kadier-2020”daxingjunshiyanxizhong,qikongjunzhanjibiejuyigedetuzhuangjirenliuxiashenkeyinxiang。zuoweiaijikongjunzhulizhanjidef-16,fenbiezaichuiwei、liangcejiyihejibeishiyonglexingmudehongsetuzhuang。youguanzhuanjiafenxirenwei,zheizhongtuzhuangzhizaiyouxiaoqufengaiguoyuqitaguojiazhuangbeidetongxingzhanji,bufensheqilezhanjituzhuangyingyoudedikeshinengli。

zaishijiegeguopubiankaishizhongshizhanjidikeshituzhuangdebeijingxia,aijixuanzelezheizhongteshutuzhuang,xianranjingguoleyifanjingxinquanheng。neime,jiujingshishenmejuedingzhezhanjidetuzhuangleixingheyangshi?zhanjidetuzhuangweiheshoudaorucizhongshi?shijiegeguodezhanjidouyounaxietuzhuangleixing?zhanjituzhuangdefazhanzunxunzheshenmeyangdeguilv,youjiangxianghechufazhan?rangmantangcaigongtongguanzhubenqihuati——

用途不一的涂装类型

满堂彩suoweizhanjituzhuang,shizhizaizhanjibiaomiantushangyixiecailiao,yimanzumouxietedingxuqiu。zheixiecailiaojikeyishiyouqi,yekeyishixibocailiaodeng。zongguanzhanjituzhuangdefazhanlishi,genjubutongdeyongtu,zhanjituzhuangzhuyaokeyiqufenweisanzhongleixing:

yishibianshileituzhuang,zhuyaoshizhiqufenzhanjisuoshuguojia、buduidetuzhuang。zheishizhanjituzhuangzuichangjiandeyongtu。tongchangqingkuangxia,zhanjiguojidequfen,yibanshizaifeijidexianzhuweizhirujiyi、jishenhuoweiyishangpentuzhanjisuoshuguodeguoqihuojunhuizuoweishibiebiaozhi。bujinruci,zheileizhanjituzhuangshenzhihaikeyiqufenjutidebudui。erzhanshiqi,deguokongjuncaiyongdeshuzizimubianmahetuxingbiaozhixitongtuzhuangjiunenggoujutixianshichugaijiafeijisuozaideliandui、daduihezhongdui;meiguohaijunhangkongbingbuduideshibiesexitong,zeyi6zhongyansequfenmeigefeixingzhongduide6gexiaodui。chucizhiwai,zhanjidebianshileituzhuanghaibaokuotixianfeixingyuangerentediandegexinghuatuzhuanghezhanguotuzhuang。ruerzhanqijian,deguokongjunfeixingyuanadaofu·jialandejiubeiyunxuzaizhanjishangcaiyong“youshouzhizhanfu、zuoshounaxueqie”demilaoshutuzhuang,tongqidesuliankongjunfeixingyuanmeijiluodiyijiazhanjijiuzaijiashicangcemiantushangyikehongxing。zheixietuzhuangbujinqidaolebiaoshishenfendezuoyong,hainenggouyonglaiguwushiqi。

ershiweizhuangleituzhuang,zhuyaoshizhijiangzhanjisecaihuoxinhaotezhengrongyubeijinghuanjingzhongdedikeshituzhuang。zheileituzhuangdezuoyongshiyinbiziji,yanchiduifangfaxianshijian。ruyizhanqijian,yixiefeixingyuanjiangzhanjibiaomiantuchenglvse。feijitingzaidimianshi,congshangfushi,tayulvditongse,dadajiangdilebeifaxianhegongjideweixian。chucizhiwai,zheileituzhuanghaibeiyonglaiyinzhenshijia,ruyixieguojiadef/a-18c“dahuangfeng”zhandoujihea-10agongjijidezuocangxiamianpentuyoujiazuocang,zheikeyishidifangdefeixingyuanzaishunjianwupanzheixiezhanjidefeixingguiji。xiandaizhanjideyinshentuzhuangcongyidingchengdushangjiangyeshuyuweizhuangleituzhuang,zhizaiqipianduifangdeleida,tongguoduijieshoudeleidaboshujinxingkongzhicongerdadaoshizhanjiyinxingdemude。rumeiguodeb-2hongzhajidabufenbiaomiandoubeiteshudedanxingcailiaofugai,qisuoyongdeleidaxibotuliaokejiangleidabonengliangzhuanhuanchengreneng,congershizhanjideleidafanshemianyousuojianxiao。

sanshiyanshileituzhuang,zhuyaoshizhixunlian、biaoyan、jiuyuanheshiyanxingfeijisuoyongdegaokeshituzhuang。zheizhongtuzhuangyaoqiusechamingxian,yubeijingduibiduda,yudikeshituzhuangmudejieranxiangfan。sousuojiuyuanfeijitongchangcaiyongchengseyubaise,jiaolianjipubiancaiyongjishenshangbai、xiahong、hongseyijiandetuzhuang。erzaiyixieqingzhuhuodongzhong,yanshileituzhuangdesecaiyutuangengweimingxian。rubeiyuemeigejinianjiujuxingyicide“laohuhui”,yulaohuyouguandeyanlituxinghuozaijitou、jishen,huozaijiyi、jiwei,youdefugaizhenggejishen。

或“有”或“无”皆为战

congzhanjituzhuangdefazhanlichenglaikan,tayejinglileqiqifufu、huo“you”huo“wu”debutongjieduan。duizhanjituzhuanglaishuo,“bian”shiyonghengdezhuti,danzhongzhongbianhuadeqiyinshizhongyuanyuwei“zhan”mantangcai。

zhanjituzhuangcong“wu”dao“you”,yinzhaner“sheng”。20shijichu,shejishitongchanghuizaimuzhijiagoudezhanjishenshangtumoyouqi,zheixieyouqizuizhuyaodezuoyongzaiyufangchongzhuhefangxiuhuai,baochizhanjidewanhaolv。yizhanshiqi,chuleshiyongbianshileituzhuangwai,weizhuangleituzhuangkaishidaxingqidao,yinweijingguoduofangyanzheng,yongyouzheileituzhuangdezhanjinengzhanyouyidingyoushi。dangshi,geguozhanjipubiantuzhuangshangse。ruyingguozhandoujiyihuang、lvseweibiaozhuntuzhuangdise,jishenliangcehezhuyishangbiaomian、xiabiaomianhuizhiyouyuanhuanzhuangdejihui。daoerzhanbaofashi,jihusuoyoudejunyongfeijidoushiyongleshangbiaomianlvsehuozongse、xiabiaomianbaisehuoqianlansehuohuisedetuzhuang,eryongyuhaishangzuozhandefeijizepubianbeituchengbaisehuohuise。dangzhanhuomanyanzhifeizhoushi,youchuxianleshamosetuzhuang,youcikeguankuibutongzhanchanghuanjingduizhanjituzhuangdeyingxiang。

zhanjituzhuangcong“you”dao“wu”,weishenger“jian”。zaozaishangshijizaoqidiyijiaquanjinshujiegoufeijichuxianshi,youyukaolvdaoyouqiyouzhongliang、tumobuyunyiyingxiangfeijizhongxinhewendingxing,cengjingchuxianguozhanjiluolujinshumengpideqingkuang。tebieshisuizhepenqishifeijidechuxian,jishenbiaomiandetuliaoyoushihuiyingxiangdaofeijideqidongxingneng,zhanjituzhuangzhujianshiwei。meiguozaierzhanmoqiduiribendehedajizejinyibuyinfaleduiweilaizhanlvehongzhajituzhuangdesikao。dangshidexiangguanyanjiufaxian,wutuzhuanghuobaisetuzhuangdezhanjinenggenghaodifanshehebaozhashifangchudeguangfushereliang。lengzhanchuqi,yimeisuweidaibiaodegeguozhanjibushaocaiqulewutuzhuanghuobaisetuzhuangfangshi。rumeiguozhanlvekongjunzhuangbeideb-47yub-52hongzhajidouwutuzhuang,suliankongjunyuanchenghangkongbingdemiya-4、tu-16hetu-95zhanlvehongzhajiyecaiyongleleisimoshi。yucitongshi,suizhekeyongyuyuanjulijiaozhandekongkongdaodandechuxianhejizaileidadefazhan,yixieguojiadeshejirenyuanyidurenweizhanjidikeshixingtuzhuangdebiyaoxingdadajiangdi,yinciruf-104、mige-21、“shandian”dengyixiepenqishizhandoujiyemeiyouchuxianewaidetuzhuang。

zhanjituzhuangcong“shao”dao“duo”,yinzhaner“zeng”。suizheyuenanzhanzhengdebaofayuchixu,meiguokongjunfaxianyuenandezhanchanghuanjingyuciqianshexiangdehedazhanchangjingmingxianbutong。shuliangsuishaoquegaodulinghuodeyuenankongjunmige-17、mige-19zhandouji,yijishuliangjiaodadedimiangaopao、samu-2dikongdaodandailaideyanzhongweixie,poshimeiguokongjunzhanjijiangdizuozhangaoduzhixingkongzhan、hongzhayijijinjulikongzhongzhiyuandengyixiliezuozhanrenwu。zaijiashangyuenandianxingdedongnanyaconglindixing,zhijiecuchengleshiyingzheiyiteshuzhanchanghuanjingde“dongnanyamicai”tuzhuangfangandedansheng。zuiweidianxingdejiushimeiguokongjundeac-47paotingjideng,qishangbiaomiantuyouqianlv/shenlv/zongsansemicai,xiabiaomianzeweiheisetuzhuang,yishiyingyezhandexuqiu。errujin,shenqianbuyidehuisejianjianchengweiduoguozhanjidezhuliutuzhuang,eluosizhanjihuifushiyongdeduoseshumamicaihebuguizejihetuantuzhuang,zejinyibuzengjialezhanjituzhuangdekexuanyangshi。

由表及里,注重“内涵”

suizhexiandaijunshihangkongjishudefazhanhekongzhanxingshideyanbian,dangqian,yibufenzhanjidetuzhuangzaizhuzhong“waibiao”detongshi,yijingzoushangle“neihan”shifazhandedaolu,qimudejiushiweilejinyibujiangdizhanjideketancexing。

yifangmian,weishiyingshizhanxuqiu,xiandaizhanjituzhuangkaishigengduodizaixijieshangxiagongfu。jiaoweidianxingdejiushiduiyinse、huisexituzhuangdeshenruyanjiuyulinghuoyunyong。zaicizhiqian,yijingyouyixiezheifangmiandeyanjiuchengguodedaoyingyong,ruzhanjizaizhongdikongduiliucengzuozhanzuijiatuzhuangshiqianhuise,pingliucengweishenhuise,genggaokongzeyiheiseweiyi。errujin,duibushaoguojiadezhanjilaishuo,dikeshihuayijingnaruzhanjideyitihuasheji,bingkaishizonghekaolvfeijideleixing、huodongquyudenggengduoyinsulaijinxingxiangyingdetuzhuang。rueluosijiuzaisu-57zhandoujihe“lieren”wurenjideqianhuisediseshangtushelejisuanjishejideshenhuiseshumasekuai,yonglaiqipianduishouzhanjisuozaihongwaichuanganqi,youshiduishouchanshengwupan。

lingyifangmian,chulezhuzhongtuzhuangyansexijiefangmiandebianhuawai,xiandaizhanjidetuzhuanggengjiakanzhongtuliaocaizhiyugongyong。zhanjituliaodezhongleijiaoduo,rufeijimengpituliao、micaituliao、yinshentuliao、gerejiangzaozunituliao、gaowenbuweinaiwentuliao、kangjingdiantuliao、naiyoutuliao、fanghuotuliao、naimofanghuatuliaodeng,erbeishourenmenguanzhudeshiyinshentuliaodeshiyongyugongxiao。dangqian,zhanjiyinshentuliaogenjugongyongdebutong,kefenweileida、hongwai、jiguang、shengnadengduozhongleixingdexibotuliao。zheixietuliaozhizao、shiyonggongyidebuduangaijin,jiangshidezhanjiyinbixinggengqiang,fadonggongjigengjiaturan、gaoxiao。

keguandijiang,dangxiageguodezhanjituzhuangrengzaibuduanyanjinguochengzhong,duidikeshituzhuangdeyanjiuyugaijinhaijiangjixu。bijingduiyuzhanjilaishuo,yaozuodaobubeidirenkanjianrengranhenkunnan。xiandaizhanzhengzhongyinshenzhandoujihedianzizhanfeijixuyaoshentoudaodifangkongyujiaozhangshijianzuozhan,zheiyiweizhebeikanjianrengshixiandaizhandoujide“mingmen”suozai,yincixuyaozhanjijinkenengdijuyoumushiyinshennengli。

danshi,conggenggaodecengmianlaikan,dangqiandezhanjituzhuangjinjinzhishizhanjiweizhuangdeyibufen。weilaizhanzhengzhong,zhanjiyaojubeigengqiangdedikeshixinghediketancexing,haiyouhenduogongzuoyaozuo。dangqiandezhanjituzhuangcongbenzhishangjianghaishiyizhong“beidongshidejingtaiweizhuang”,yexuzaibujiudeweilai,suizhexinkeji、xincailiaodebuduanyongxian,yixie“zhudongshidedongtaiweizhuang”youkenengchuxian,biruzishiyingweizhuang、zhinengweizhuangdengdeng。muqian,yixieguojiaxiangguandeyanjiuyijingbufenzhankai,ruguoyouchaoyiridadaoshiyonghuadechengdu,tayexujianggaibianxianyouzhanjidetuzhuangyangshi。danshi,neishitahuibuhuijixuyi“tuzhuang”dexingshichuxian,jiubudeerzhile,zhishaoxianzaihennanduiqixiazheigejielun。

(zuozhedanwei: kongjungongchengdaxue) 

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